Posted by: rshalomw | August 22, 2012



Here is an excellent website analysis of the error of ‘”A Common Word”  :

Allah: Truthful Or Deceiver?

By Cornelius

Dear Muslim Friend,

Despite the fact that Muslims and Christians disagree about what the truth is, we both believe that there is such a thing as truth and that truth is important. Logic dictates that two people holding conflicting ideas cannot both be correct, at least one is deceived. Hopefully Muslims and the Christians who passionately disagree with one another are actually concerned about the fate of each other’s souls, not wanting each other to suffer the horrible consequence of following a deceiver. With this in mind, we seek to begin a dialogue concerning a passage of the Quran many Christians find disturbing. We ask that our Muslim friends consider our concerns and we welcome their response.

The passage Surah 3:54 is given below in Arabic.

Notice Allah refers to himself as "Khayrul-Makereen" which correctly translated means "Allah is the greatest of all deceivers." This is verified by looking up the root letters (Meem, Kaaf, and Rah) in an Arabic Dictionary such as Al-Mawrid:

If one still doubts the meaning of the term, consider Abu Bakr’s testimony to the deceptive character of Allah taken from the "Successors of the Messenger" by Khalid Muhammad Khalid, p. 70:

For those of you who don’t read Arabic Abu Bakr, though promised paradise by Allah and his apostle, while weeping says, "By Allah! I would not feel safe from the deception (same Arabic word) of Allah, even if I had one foot in paradise."

The testimony of Abu Bakr is consistent with the Quran which tells Muslims that they should not feel secure against the Makr or deception of Allah.

"Are they then secure from Allah’s scheme (Makr)? None deemeth himself secure from Allah’s scheme (Makr) save folk that perish." S. 7:99 Pickthall

The word translated "scheme" by Pickthall is the same Arabic word (Meem, Kaaf, Rah orMakr) which the dictionary tells us means deception. The Arabic of Surah 7:99 is given below.

Abu Bakr being a true believer in Islam could not feel safe from Allah’s deception (Makr) even though he was promised paradise by Allah and his apostle Muhammad!

Because of the devastating implications of the phrase "Allah Khayrul-Makereen" one prominent Muslim apologist claimed Makereen has a different meaning when applied to the divine. Below are a few problems with this position.

  1. The passage says Allah is the greatest of all makereen. Makereen describes all members of a class of which Allah is the greatest member. If someone is the greatest member of a set they must be a member of that set. Therefore, this Muslim argument is logically impossible.
  2. Neglecting for a moment the logical impossibility of this explanation, let us consider the broader discussion of applying descriptive language to God. Typically adjectives change the strength of their character when applied to greater beings but not the basic character of the word. For example, the word "good" might be applied as an adjective to a dog, a man, and God. Certainly the word "good" became much stronger as it was applied to greater beings. None the less, the word "good" did not have a transformation of its basic character when applied to different types of beings. Good may mean something different in each case but in each case it was something good. If the word makereen becomes stronger in its meaning as applied to greater beings then the objection of the Christian becomes even stronger with that change.
  3. Again neglecting the logical impossibility of the apologist’s explanation, consider the logical consequences of the claim that words have a different meaning when applied to Allah. If the word makereen is transformed from something horrible to something good when applied to Allah then there is no analogy with its usage as applied to men. If this hermeneutical approach is correct then the phrase "no partners" when applied to Allah also has a meaning that is different from its normal sense but any different meaning results in the conclusion that Allah has partners. Thus shirk is a logical consequence of adopting this approach to interpreting the Quran.
  4. If words are allowed to radically change the basic character by the fact that they are associated with Allah then how could one ever have any revelation about Allah in human language? Before such a "revelation" could be understood it would be necessary that mankind would be given a new set of meanings for words when applied to Allah, and perhaps a new set of grammatical rules as well. Can one really call a book a "revelation" if the meanings of the words used in that book have no relation to their previously understood meanings? How is it that one would even know that a word applied to Allah has a radically different type of meaning that it has when applied to man? Could not such a bold assumption if not based in revelation, be considered an act of unbelief, an attempt to reject what Allah has revealed about himself? I know of no record of Muhammad telling us any secret new meanings of words. If one believes that these meanings were revealed after Muhammad then they are in effect saying that they believe in prophets after Muhammad with the authority to change the meanings of words in the Quran.
  5. The context of Surah 3:54 is Allah allegedly deceiving people to believe Jesus died by crucifixion when according to Islam he didn’t. We know from the New Testament that Jesus’ disciples believed that Jesus died from crucifixion. Since in Surah 3:55 Allah tells Jesus, "I will make those who follow thee superior to those who reject faith, to the day of the resurrection", Muslims who believe the Quran can rest assured that the New Testament has been accurately preserved. Otherwise they would have to believe that those who reject faith not only had superiority over the those who followed Jesus, but had it to such an extent that they were able to distort the New Testament, which would of course mean that Surah 3:55 contained a false statement and an empty promise from Allah. Historical accounts indicate that many of Jesus’ disciples and loyal followers were put to death for preaching that Jesus was crucified, died, was buried and rose from the dead. Hence it was not just the unbelievers that Allah deceived but the believers as well. Why would Allah deceive the loyal followers of Jesus, whom the Quran claims is a prophet of Allah? If Allah would deceive Jesus’ loyal followers regarding what they thought they saw and heard, how can we be sure he didn’t deceive Muhammad’s loyal followers concerning what they thought they heard Muhammad saying and saw him doing? Since it was the followers of Muhammad who compiled the Quran, Hadith and Sirat how can we trust their sense perception and memory given that Allah deceived the sense perception and memory of prophet Jesus’ loyal followers? How could Muhammad claim he was confirming that which was before him when Allah in Surah 3:54 is called the greatest deceiver and the Bible says that God cannot lie?

The God revealed in the Bible portrays Himself as being truthful:

"so that by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have taken refuge would have strong encouragement to take hold of the hope set before us." Hebrews 6:18

"God is not a man, that He should lie, Nor a son of man, that He should repent; Has He said, and will He not do it? Or has He spoken, and will He not make it good?" Numbers 23:19

Jesus told us who the greatest deceiver is:

(Jesus speaking to the unbelievers) "You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies." John 8:44

Contrast this to Surah 13:42. Note the word deceive (Meem, Kaaf, Rah) translated plotted and plotting:

"Those who were before them plotted (root = Meem Kaaf Rah); but all plotting (root = Mem Kaaf Rah) is Allah’s. He knoweth that which each soul earneth. The disbelievers will come to know for whom will be the sequel of the (heavenly) Home." S. 13:42 Pickthall

Please meditate on the statements presented in this paper. They are not intended as personal attacks but are simply points to consider. The Quran itself testifies that Allah is the greatest of allmakereen (deceivers). If this verse is true, what hope do we have that the rest of the Quran can be trusted? Why should anyone believe and follow a deceiver? Especially when the Bible tells us that Satan is the great deceiver. Please do not follow a deceiver, but follow the God who cannot lie. Jesus said "I am the way, the truth and the life, no one comes to the father except through me." (John 14:6) We have all lied. We have all sinned. We are all guilty before God. We all deserve to be punished in Hell. But we can be forgiven of our sins if we repent of our sins, believe the gospel and follow Jesus. Abu Bakr didn’t even trust Allah would grant him paradise though he was promised paradise directly by name. He knew Allah was a deceiver, now you do also, wouldn’t you be better off trusting in the promise of forgiveness from the true God who cannot lie?

Articles by Cornelius
Answering Islam Home Page



A selection of prominent signatories follows. These signatories consist of those featured in the November 18, 2007 New York Times publication of “Loving God and Neighbor Together,” as well as of a selection of other prominent signatories. These signatories were all confirmed via email and in most cases were reconfirmed by further email exchange.

Capt. Bradford E. Ableson, Chaplain Corps, US Navy and Senior Episcopal Chaplain in the US Navy

Dr. Martin Accad, Academic Dean, Arab Baptist Theological Seminary (Lebanon), Director, Institute of Middle East Studies (Lebanon), Associate Professor of Islamic Studies, Fuller School of Intercultural Studies

Scott C. Alexander, Associate Professor of Islam and Director, Catholic-Muslim Studies, Catholic Theological Union

Dr. Mogamat-Ali Behardien, Minister, African Reformed Church, Paarl, South Africa.

Roger Allen, Professor of Arabic and Comparative Literature and Chair, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, University of Pennsylvania, member of Middle East Study Group of the Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania

Jean Amore, CSJ, for the Leadership Team of the Sisters of St. Joseph, Brentwood, NY

Leith Anderson, President, National Association of Evangelicals

Rev. Daniel S. Appleyard, Rector, Christ Episcopal Church, Dearborn, MI

William Aramony, Consultant

Yvette A. Assem, Student, Interdenominational Theological Center
Atlanta, Georgia

Harold W. Attridge, Dean and Lillian Claus Professor of New Testament, Yale Divinity School

Dr. Don Argue, Chancellor, Northwest University, Former President, National Association of Evangelicals, Commissioner, United States Commission on International Religious Freedom

David Augsburger, Professor of Pastoral Care and Counseling, Fuller Theological Seminary

Gerald R. Baer, M.D., Minister of Christian Education, Landisville, PA

Dwight P. Baker, Associate Director, Overseas Ministries Study Center

Dr. Ray Bakke, Convening Chair, Evangelicals for Middle East Understanding: An International Coalition, Tempe, AZ

His Lordship Bishop Camillo Ballin, MCCI, Vicar Apostolic of Kuwait

Leonard Bartlotti, Associate Professor of Intercultural Studies, Biola University

Charles L. Bartow, Carl and Helen Egner Professor of Speech Communication in Ministry, Princeton Theological Seminary

Rt. Rev. Barry Beisner, Bishop, Episcopal Diocese of Northern California

Federico Bertuzzi, President, PM Internacional, Latin America

James A. Beverley, Professor of Christian Thought and Ethics, Tyndale Seminary, Toronto, Canada

J.D. Bindenagel, former U.S. Ambassador and Vice President, DePaul University, Chicago, IL

Rev. Dr. Thomas W. Blair, The Second Presbyterian Church of Baltimore

Walter R. Bodine, Pastor, International Church at Yale and Research Affiliate, Near Eastern Languages, Yale University

Rev. Timothy A. Boggs, St. Alban’s Episcopal Church, Washington, DC

Regina A. Boisclair, Cardinal Newman Chair of Theology, Alaska Pacific University, Anchorage, Alaska

David Bok, Independent Bible Teacher, Hartford Seminary, Hartford, CT

Rev. Jim Bonewald, Pastor, Knox Presbyterian Church, Cedar Rapids, IA

Jonathan J. Bonk, Executive Director, Overseas Ministries Study Center and Editor, International Bulletin of Missionary Research

Rev. Michael S. Bos, Director, Al Amana Centre, Sultanate of Oman

Steven Bouma-Prediger, Professor of Religion, Hope College, Holland, MI

Gerhard Böwering, Professor of Religious Studies, Yale University

Mary C. Boys, Skinner and McAlpin Professor of Practical Theology, Union Theological Seminary, New York, NY

Dan Brannen, International Students, Inc.

Revs. Scott & Katarina Breslin, Protestant House Church Network, Istanbul Turkey

Rev. Dr. Stuart Briscoe, Minister at Large, Elmbrook Church, Brookfield Wisconsin, USA; Founder, “Telling the Truth, Inc.”

Rev. Douglas Brown, Pastor, Valley View United Methodist Church Overland Park, Kansas

Joseph Britton, Dean, Berkeley Divinity School at Yale

Huib Bruinink, Developer of Marketing, PT. Puteri Mawar Sari, Central Java, Indonesia

John M. Buchanan, Editor/Publisher, The Christian Century.

James J. Buckley, Dean, College of Arts and Sciences, Loyola College in Maryland

Eugene W. Bunkowske, Ph.D., Fiechtner Chair Professor of Christian Outreach, Oswald Huffman School of Christian Outreach, Concordia University, St. Paul, Minnesota

John R. Burkholder, Professor Emeritus, Religion and Peace Studies, Goshen College, Goshen, IN

David Burkum, Pastor, Valley Christian Church, Lakeville, MN

Rt. Rev. Joe Goodwin Burnett, Bishop, Episcopal Diocese of Nebraska

Allen Busenitz, International Student Ministry, West Lafayette, IN

Very Rev. Samuel G. Candler, Dean, Cathedral of St. Philip (Anglican), Atlanta, GA

Juan Carlos Cárdenas, Academic Director, Instituto Iberoamericano de Estudios Transculturales, Granada, Spain

Joseph Castleberry, President, Northwest University

Rev. Colin Chapman, Former Lecturer in Islamic Studies, Near East School of Theology, Beirut, Lebanon, and author of Whose Promised Land?

Ellen T. Charry, Assoc. Professor of Systematic Theology, Princeton Theological Seminary

David Yonggi Cho, Founder and Senior Pastor of Yoido Full Gospel Church, Seoul, Korea

Hyung Kyun Chung, Associate Professor of Ecumenical Studies, Union Theological Seminary in New York

Rev. Richard Cizik, Vice President of Governmental Affairs, National Association of Evangelicals

Rev. Dr. Emmanuel Clapsis, Professor of Systematic Theology, Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, Brookline, MA

William Clarkson IV, President, The Westminster Schools, Atlanta, Georgia

Emily Click, Lecturer on Ministry and Assistant Dean for Ministry Studies and Field Education, Harvard Divinity School.

Corneliu Constantineanu, Dean and Associate Professor of New Testament, Evangelical Theological Seminary, Osijek, Croatia

Robert E. Cooley, President Emeritus, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, South Hamilton, Massachusetts

Rev. Shawn Coons, St. Philip Presbyterian, Houston, TX

Harvey Cox, Hollis Professor of Divinity, Harvard Divinity School

Joseph Cumming, Director of the Reconciliation Program, Yale Center for Faith and Culture, Yale Divinity School

Daniel A. Cunningham, Executive Pastor, Temple Bible Church, Temple, TX

Bryant L. Cureton, President, Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, IL

Fr. John D’Alton, President, Melbourne Institute for Orthodox Christian Studies, Melbourne, Australia

Fr. Joseph P. Daoust, S.J., President, Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley, CA

Rev. David R. Davis, Special Projects Coordinator, The Evangelical Alliance Mission, Wheaton, IL

John Deacon, Leader, Branch Out Ministries, The Olive Branch Community Church, Markham, Ontario, Canada

Rev. Joseph C. Delahunt, Senior Pastor, Silliman Memorial Baptist Church, Bridgeport, CT

André Delbecq, Thomas J. and Kathleen L. McCarthy University Professor, Center for Spirituality of Organizational Leadership and former Dean of the Leavey School of Business at the University of Santa Clara

David A. Depew, President, Seed of Abraham Association, Broadcasting radio Bible studies in the Middle East

Keith DeRose, Allison Foundation Professor of Philosophy, Yale University

Curtiss Paul DeYoung, Professor of Reconciliation Studies, Bethel University

Andrew Dimmock, Director, Doulos Community, Nouakchott, Mauritania

Chip Dobbs-Allsopp, Associate Professor of Old Testament, Princeton Theological Seminary

Andrés Alonso Duncan, CEO, Latinoamerica Global, A.C.

Kent A. Eaton, Professor of Pastoral Ministry and Associate Dean, Bethel Seminary San Diego, California

Diana L. Eck, Professor of Comparative Religion and Indian Studies in Arts and Sciences and member of the Faculty of Divinity, Harvard University

Mike Edens, Professor of Theology and Islamic Studies, Associate Dean of Graduate Studies, New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, New Orleans, LA

Mark U. Edwards, Jr., Senior Advisor to the Dean, Harvard Divinity School

James Ehrman, Director, Global Ministries Office, Evangelical Congregational Church

Bertil Ekstrom, Executive Director, Mission Commission, World Evangelical Alliance

Nancie Erhard, Assistant Professor of Comparative Religious Ethics, Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, Nova Scotia

John Esposito, University Professor & Founding Director Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, Georgetown University

Chester E. Falby, Priest Associate, St. Catherine’s Episcopal Church, Manzanita, OR

Thomas P. Finger, Mennonite Central Committee, Evanston, IL

Rev. Dr. David C. Fisher, Senior Minister, Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, NY

David Ford, Regius Professor of Divinity, Cambridge University

Marlene Malahoo Forte, 2007 Yale World Fellow

Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, CA

Rev. Susan L. Gabbard, St. John’s United Church of Christ, Mifflinburg, PA

Millard Garrett, Vice President, Eastern Mennonite Missions, Salunga, PA

Siobhan Garrigan, Assistant Professor of Liturgical Studies and Assistant Dean for Marquand Chapel, Yale Divinity School

Timothy George, Dean, Beeson Divinity School, Samford University

William Goettler, Assistant Dean for Assessment and Ministerial Studies, Yale Divinity School

Michael J. Goggin, Chairperson, North American Interfaith Network (NAIN)

Robert S. Goizueta, Professor of Theology, Boston College

Bruce Gordon, Professor of History, University of St. Andrews

William A. Graham, Albertson Professor of Middle Eastern Studies in Arts and Sciences and O’Brian Professor of Divinity and Dean in the Divinity School, Harvard University

Wesley Granberg-Michaelson, general secretary, Reformed Church in America

Rev. Bruce Green, Bridge Building Facilitator, FCM Foundation, Centerville Presbyterian Church, Fremont, CA

Joel B. Green, Professor of New Testament Interpretation, Fuller Theological Seminary

Lynn Green, International Chairman, Youth With A Mission

Frank Griffel, Associate Professor of Islamic Studies, Yale University

Rev. Giorgio Grlj, Pastor, Rijeka Baptist Church, Baptist Union of Croatia,

Rev. Kent Claussen Gubrud, Christus Victor Lutheran Church, Apple Valley, MN

Rt. Rev. Edwin F. Gulick, Jr., Bishop, Episcopal Diocese of Kentucky

Judith Gundry-Volf, Adjunct Associate Professor of New Testament, Yale Divinity School

David P. Gushee, Distinguished Professor of Christian Ethics, McAfee School of Theology at Mercer University and President, Evangelicals for Human Rights

Kim B. Gustafson, President, Common Ground Consultants, Inc.

Elie Haddad, Provost, Arab Baptist Theological Seminary, Lebanon

Dr. Anette Hagan, Elder, Mayfield Salisbury Parish Church, Edinburgh, Scotland

Martin Hailer, Professor of Theology, Leuphana University, Lueneburg, Germany

Rev. L. Ann Hallisey, Hallisey Consulting and Counseling, Interim Vicar, Good Shepherd Episcopal Church, Berkeley, CA

Gloria K. Hannas, Member, Peacemaking Mission Team of the Presbytery of Chicago, PCUSA, La Grange, IL

Paul D. Hanson, Florence Corliss Lamont Professor of Divinity, Harvard Divinity School

Pastor Peter Hanson, Director of Studies, Dept. of Theology and Training, Lutheran Church of Senegal

Heidi Hadsell, President, Hartford Seminary, Hartford, CT

David Heim, Executve Editor, The Christian Century

Richard Henderson, Director of Studies, Westbrook Hay, United Kingdom

Mary E. Hess, Associate Professor of Educational Leadership, Luther Seminary

Richard Heyduck, Pastor, First United Methodist Church, Pittsburg, TX

Rev. Dr. David M. Hindman, United Methodist campus minister, The Wesley Foundation at The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA

Rev. Norman A. Hjelm, Director, Commission on Faith and Order (retired), National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA

Carl R. Holladay, Charles Howard Candler Professor of New Testament, Candler School of Theology, Emory University

Jan Holton, Assistant Professor of Pastoral Care, Yale Divinity School

Marian E. Hostetler, former worker, Mennonite Mission Network and Eastern Mennonite Mission, Elkhart, IN

Joseph Hough, President and William E. Dodge Professor of Social Ethics, Union Theological Seminary in New York

Bill Hybels, Founder and Senior Pastor, Willow Creek Community Church, South Barrington, IL

Dale T. Irvin, President and Professor of World Christianity, New York Theological Seminary, New York, NY

Dr. Nabeel T. Jabbour, Consultant, Professor, Colorado Springs, CO

Todd Jenkins, Pastor, First Presbyterian Church, Fayetteville, TN

David L. Johnston, Lecturer, Religious Studies Department, University of Pennsylvania

Robert K. Johnston, Professor of Theology and Culture, Fuller Theological Seminary

Rt. Rev. Shannon Sherwood Johnston, Bishop Coadjutor, Episcopal Diocese of Virginia

Rt. Rev. David Colin Jones, Bishop Suffragan, Episcopal Diocese of Virginia

Gary D. Jones, Rector, St. Stephen’s Episcopal Church, Richmond, VA

Tony Jones, National Coordinator, Emergent Village

Stefan Jung, Economist, Germany

Rev. Dr. Riad A. Kassis, Theologian, Author, and Consultant

Sister Helen Kearney, Sisters of Saint Joseph, Brentwood, NY

Sister Janet Kinney, CSJ, Sisters of St. Joseph, Brentwood, NY

Doris G. Kinney, associate editor (ret.), Time Inc., New York

Steve Knight, National Coordinating Group Member, Emergent Village, Charlotte, NC

Paul Knitter, Paul Tillich Professor of Theology, World Religions and Culture, Union Theological Seminary in New York

Dr. Manfred W. Kohl, Vice President of Overseas Council International, USA

Very Rev. Dr. James A. Kowalski, Dean, The Cathedral Church of Saint John the Divine, New York NY

James R. Krabill, Senior Executive for Global Ministries, Mennonite Mission Network, Elkhart, IN

Hank Kraus, Founder and Director, PeaceMark

Sharon Kugler, University Chaplain, Yale University

Catherine Kurtz, Landisville Mennonite Church, Landisville, PA

Peter Kuzmic, Eva B. and Paul E. Toms Distinguished Professor of World Missions and European Studies, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary and Rektor, Evandjeoski Teoloski Fakultet, Osijek, Croatia

Jonathan L. Kvanvig, Distinguised Professor of Philosophy, Baylor University

David Lamarre-Vincent, Executive Director, New Hampshire Council of Churches

John A. Lapp, Executive Secretary Emeritus, Mennonite Central Committee, Akron, PA

Dr. Warren Larson, Director of the Zwemer Center for Muslim Studies, Columbia International University, SC

Traugott Lawler, Professor of English emeritus, Yale University

Dr. Maurice Lee, post-doctoral fellow, Harvard University

Rt. Rev. Peter J. Lee, Bishop, Episcopal Diocese of Virginia

Kristen Leslie, Associate Professor of Pastoral Care, Yale Divinity School

Linda LeSourd Lader, President, Renaissance Institute, Charleston, SC

Rev. R. Charles Lewis, Jr., Parish Associate, First Presbyterian- Vintage Faith Church, Santa Cruz, CA

Julyan Lidstone, OM, Glasgow, Scotland

Erik Lincoln, Author of Peace Generation tolerance curriculum for Muslim Students, Indonesia

John Lindner, Director of External Relations, Yale Divinity School

Greg Livingstone, Founder, Frontiers and historian of Muslim-Christian encounter

Albert C. Lobe, Interim Executive Director, Mennonite Central Committee, Akron, PA

Rick Love, International Director, Frontiers and Adjunct Associate Professor of Islamic Studies, Fuller Theological Seminary, author of Peacemaking

Donald Luidens, Professor of Sociology, Hope College, Holland, MI

Owen Lynch, Associate Pastor, Trent Vineyard, Nottingham, UK

Douglas Magnuson, Associate Professor of Intercultural Programs and Director of Muslim Studies, Bethel University

Peter Maiden, International Coordinator, OM

Jozef Majewski, Doctor of Theology, Professor of Media Studies at the University of Gdansk, Poland

Danut Manastireanu, Director for Faith & Development, Middle East & East Europe Region, World Vision International, Iasi, Romania

Rev. Dr. John T. Mathew, Minister, St. Mark’s United Church of Canada, & Deptartment of Religious Studies, Huntington/Laurentian Universities, Sudbury, ON Canada

Rev. Steven D. Martin, President, Vital Visions Incorporated and Pastor, United Methodist Church, Oak Ridge, TN

Harold E. Masback, III, Senior Minister, The Congregational Church of New Canaan

Rt. Rev Gerald N. McAllister, Retired Bishop, Episcopal Diocese of Oklahoma

The Rev. Donald M. McCoid, Executive for Ecumenical and Inter-Religious Relations, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

C. Douglas McConnell, PhD, Dean, School of Intercultural Studies, Fuller Seminary

Sister Mary McConnell, CSJ, Sisters of St. Joseph, Brentwood, NY

Jeanne McGorry, CSJ, Sisters of St. Joseph, Brentwood, NY

Elsie McKee, Archibald Alexander Professor of Reformation Studies and the History of Worship, Princeton Theological Seminary

Scot McKnight, Karl A. Olsson Professor in Religious Studies, North Park University, Chicago, IL

Brian D. McLaren, Author, Speaker, Activist

C. Edward McVaney, Retired Chairman, CEO and President, J.D. Edwards and Company

Kathleen E. McVey, J. Ross Stevenson Professor of Early and Eastern Church History, Princeton Theological Seminary

Carl Medearis, President, International Initiatives, Denver, CO

Greg Meland, Director of Formation, Supervised Ministry and Placement, Bethel Seminary, Minnesota

Mennonite Central Committee, Akron, PA

Harold E. Metzler, Member, Church of the Brethren and heritor of the Amish/Mennonite tradition

Alan E. Miller, Lead Pastor, Conestoga Church of the Brethren, Leola, PA

David B. Miller, Pastor, University Mennonite Church, State College, PA

Rev. Dr. Sid L. Mohn, President, Heartland Alliance for Human Needs and Human Rights, Chicago, IL

Brother Benilde Montgomery, O.S.F., Franciscan Brother of Brooklyn

Steve Moore, President & CEO, The Mission Exchange

Douglas Morgan, Director, Adventist Peace Fellowship

Richard Mouw, President and Professor of Christian Philosophy, Fuller Theological Seminary

Salim J. Munayer, Academic Dean, Bethlehem Bible College, Jerusalem

Rich Nathan, Senior Pastor, Vineyard Church of Columbus

David Neff, Editor in Chief & Vice-President, Christianity Today Media Group

Alexander Negrov, President, Saint Petersburg Christian University, St. Petersburg, Russia

Arnold Neufeldt-Fast, Associate Dean, Tyndale Seminary, Toronto

Craig Noll, Assistant Editor, International Bulletin of Missionary Research, Overseas Ministries Study Center

Rev. Roy Oksnevad, Institute of Strategic Evangelism at Wheaton College

Dennis Olsen, Charles T. Haley Professor of Old Testament Theology, Princeton Theological Seminary

Richard R. Osmer, Thomas Synnot Professor of Christian Education, Princeton Theological Seminary

Rev. Canon Mark Oxbrow, International Mission Director, Church Mission Society, UK

Rt. Rev. George E. Packard, Bishop Suffragan for Chaplaincies of the Episcopal Church

George Parsenios, Assistant Professor of New Testament, Princeton Theological Seminary

Greg H. Parsons, General Director, USCWM, Pasadena, CA

Stephanie A. Paulsell, Houghton Professor of the Practice of Ministry Studies, Harvard Divinity School

James R. Payton, Jr., Professor of History, Redeemer University College, Ancaster, Ontario, Canada and President, Christians Associated for Relationships with Eastern Europe

Emily A. Peacock, Circuit Judge, 13th Judicial Circuit of Florida, Tampa, Florida

Doug Pennoyer, Dean, School of Intercultural Studies, Biola University

Howard Pepper, M.A., M.Div., President, Nurture Press, San Diego, CA

Douglas Petersen, Margaret S. Smith Professor of Intercultural Studies, Vanguard University of Southern California

Rev. Edward Prevost, Rector, Christ Church, Winnetka, Illinois

Bruce G. Privratsky, Elder, Holston Conference, United Methodist Church

Sally M. Promey, Professor of Religion & Visual Culture, Professor of American Studies, Professor Religious Studies and Deputy Director, Institute of Sacred Music, Yale University

Rev. Erl G. Purnell, Rector, Old Saint Andrew’s Episcopal Church, Bloomfield, CT

Rev. John C. Ramey, President, Aslan Child Rescue Ministries and President, The Olive Branch Institute

Robert M. Randolph, Chaplain to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Thomas P. Rausch, S.J., T. Marie Chilton Professor of Catholic Theology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA

James D. Redington, S.J., Associate Professor in the Dwan Family Chair of Interreligious Dialogue, Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley/Graduate Theological Union, CA

David A. Reed, Professor Emeritus of Pastoral Theology and Research, Wycliffe College, Univerity of Toronto, Canada

Neil Rees, International Director, World Horizons

Rev. Warren Reeve, Lead Pastor, Bandung International Church, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia and Founder and Facilitator of the Missional International Church Network

Rodney Allen Reeves, Former moderator of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in Oregon and board member, Greater Portland Institute for Christian-Muslim Understanding and member, Interfaith Council of Greater Portland.

Dr. Evelyne A. Reisacher, Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies and International Relations, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, CA

Cornel G. Rempel, Retired pastor, chaplain and supervisor of clinical pastoral education, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Steve Robbins, Pastor and Director, Vineyard Leadership Institute

Cecil M. Robeck, Jr., Professor of Church History and Ecumenics, Fuller Theological Seminary and the Director of the David du Plessis Center for Christian Spirituality

Leonard Rodgers, Executive Director, Evangelicals for Middle East Understanding: An International Coalition, Tempe, AZ

Dudley C. Rose, Lecturer on Ministry and Associate Dean for Ministry Study, Harvard Divinity School

Rev. Herschel Rosser, Associate Pastor, Vineyard Church of Sugar Land, Stafford, TX and Texas Area Church Planting Coordinator, Vineyard, USA

Glenna N. Roukes, Elder, First Presbyterian Church, Santa Cruz, CA and Secretary, Mission Team

Philip Ruge-Jones, Associate Professor of Theology, Texas Lutheran University, Seguin, Texas

William L. Sachs, Director, Center for Reconciliation and Mission, St. Stephen’s Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia

Robert A. Sain, Pastor, Messiah Lutheran Church, ELCA, Hildebran, NC

Lamin Sanneh, D. Willis James Professor of Missions and World Christianity, Yale University

Andrew D. Saperstein, Associate Director of the Reconciliation Program at the Yale Center for Faith and Culture

Tyler Savage, Missionary with Church Resource Ministries, Germany and South Africa

Meritt Lohr Sawyer, International Program Director, Langham Partnership International

Warren C. Sawyer, President and CEO, The Caleb Foundation, Swampscott, MA

Rev. Dr. Christian Scharen, Director, Faith as a Way of Life Program, Yale Center for Faith & Culture

Rev. Dr. Robert Schuller, Founder, Crystal Cathedral and Hour of Power

Elizabeth Schüssler Fiorenza, Krister Stendahl Professor of Divinity, Harvard Divinity School

Francis Schüssler Fiorenza, Stillman Professor of Roman Catholic Studies, Harvard Divinity School

William Schweiker, Edward L. Ryerson Distinguished Service Professor of Theological Ethics, University of Chicago

Waldron Scott, President emeritus, Holistic Ministries International, Paterson, NJ

Andrew J. Sebanc, Senior Pastor, Green Timbers Covenant Church, Surrey, British Columbia, Canada

Rev. Donald Senior, C.P., President, Catholic Theological Union, Chicago, Illinois

C. L. Seow, Henry Snyder Gehman Professor of OT Language and Literature, Princeton Theological Seminary

Rev. Dr. Perry Shaw, Chair, Faculty of Ministerial Studies, Arab Baptist Theological Seminary, Beirut, Lebanon

Michael T. Shelley, Director, Center of Christian-Muslim Engagement for Peace and Justice, Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago

David W. and K. Grace Shenk, Global Consultants, Eastern Mennonite Missions, Salunga, PA

Wilbert R. Shenk, Senior Professor of Mission History and Contemporary Culture, Fuller Theological Seminary

John N. Sheveland, Assistant Professor of Comparative Theology, Gonzaga University, Washington, DC

Marguerite Shuster, Harold John Ockenga Professor of Preaching and Theology, Fuller Theological Seminary

Frederick J. Sigworth, Professor, Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University

Mark Siljander, Member of the U.S. Congress (r) & fm U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. (atl del)

Walt Simmerman, Pastor, First United Methodist Church, Galax, VA

The Community Council of the Sisters of the Precious Blood, Dayton, OH. Sister Florence Seifert, CPPS, President; Sister Jeanette Buehler, CPPS, Vice-President; Sister Madonna Ratermann, CPPS, Councilor; Sister Edna Hess, CPPS, Councilor; Sister Marita Beumer, CPPS, Councilor

C. Donald Smedley, Associate Director, The Rivendell Institute, New Haven, CT

John D. Spalding, Founder and Editor,

Rev. Andrew Spurr, Vicar of Evesham with Norton and Lenchwick Diocese of Worcester

John G. Stackhouse, Jr., Sangwoo Youtong Chee Professor of Theology and Culture, Regent College, Vancouver, Canada

Glen H. Stassen, Lewis B. Smedes Professor of Chrisian Ethics, Fuller Theological Seminary

Sally Steenland, Senior Policy Advisor, Faith & Progressive Policy Initiative, Center for American Progress, Washington, DC

Wilbur P. Stone, Program Director and Lead Faculty, Global and Contextual Studies, Bethel University/Seminary

Rev. Dr. John Stott, Rector Emeritus, All Souls Church, Langham Place, London, UK

Frederick J. Streets, The Carl and Dorothy Bennett Professor in Pastoral Counseling, The Wurzweiler School of Social Work, Yeshiva University, Adjunct Associate Professor of Pastoral Theology, Yale Divinity School, Former Yale University Chaplain

Diana Swancutt, Associate Professor of New Testament, Yale Divinity School

Merlin Swartz, Professor of Islamic Studies, Boston University

Donald K. Swearer, Director, Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard Divinity School

Dr. Glen A. Taylor, Cooperative Studies Teaching Fellow, Tajikistan State National University, Dushanbe, Tjikistan

William Taylor, Global Ambassador, World Evangelical Alliance

Harvey Thiessen, Executive Director, OM Canada

Rev. John Thomas, General Minister and President, United Church of Christ

Stephen Thomas, European Team Leader, Salt & Light Ministries Senior Pastor, Oxford, UK

Dr. J. Milburn Thompson, Chair and Professor of Theology, Bellarmine University, Louisville, KY

Iain Torrance, President, Princeton Theological Seminary

Emilie M. Townes, Andrew Mellon Professor of African American Religion and Theology, Yale Divinity School, and President-elect of the American Academy of Religion

Michael W. Treneer, Internation President, The Navigators, Colorado Springs, CO

Geoff Tunnicliffe, International Director, World Evangelical Alliance

Fr. Benjamin J. Urmston, S.J., Director Emeritus Peace and Justice Programs, Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

Birgit Van Hout, Executive Director, MCCJ, Florida

Harold Vogelaar, Director Emeritus: A Center of Christian-Muslim Engagement for Peace and Justice, Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago

Miroslav Volf, Founder and Director of the Yale Center for Faith and Culture, Henry B. Wright Professor of Theology, Yale Divinity School

Fr. H. Eberhard von Waldow, Professor Emeritus, Pittsburgh Theological Seminary

Rev. Berten A. Waggoner, National Director, Association of Vineyard Churches

Robin Wainwright, President, Middle East Fellowship, Pasadena, CA and Chairman of the Executive Committee, Oxford Centre for Mission Studies

Dr. Dale F. Walker, Affiliate Professor, Asbury Theological Seminary, Wilmore, KY

Jim Wallis, President, Sojourners

Charlotte R. Ward, Associate Professor of Physics, Emerita, Auburn University and Life Deacon, Auburn First Baptist Church

Charles H. Warnock III, Senior Pastor, Chatham Baptist Church, Chatham, VA

Rick Warren, Founder and Senior Pastor, Saddleback Church, and The Purpose Driven Life, Lake Forest, CA

Very Rev. Debra Warwick-Sabino, Rector, Grace Episcopal Church, Fairfield, CA

Mark R. Wenger, Director of Pastoral Studies, Lancaster Eastern Mennonite Seminary P.O., Lancaster, PA

Dr. Bob Wenz, Renewing Total Worship Ministries, Colorado Springs, CO

Rev. Laura Westby, Pastor, First Congregational Church of Danbury, CT

Robert R. Wilson, Hoober Professor of Religious Studies, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, Yale Divinity School

Rev. Michael D. Wilker, Executive Director, Lutheran Volunteer Corps, Washington, DC

Leslie Withers, Coordinator, Interfaith Pilgrimage Project, Friendship Force International, Atlanta, GA

Dr.John Wolfersberger, Retired Executive, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Southern California

Nicholas Wolterstorff, Senior Fellow, Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, University of Virginia

J. Dudley Woodberry, Professor of Islamic Studies and Dean Emeritus of the Fuller School of International Studies

Rev Dr Christopher J H Wright, International Director, Langham Partnership International, London, UK

John Wright, Senior Pastor, Trent Vineyard, Nottingham, England

Godfrey Yogarajah, General Secretary, Evangelical Fellowship of Asia

Rev. Andrea Zaki Stephanous, Vice President of the Protestant Church in Egypt, Director of Dar El Thaquafa Communications House-CEOSS

Rev. John D. Zeigler, First Presbyterian Church, PCUSA, Canton, TX

A listing of other signatories follows. These signatories primarily include those whose names have been received in writing through this website, and in most cases have not been reconfirmed. We regret that due to the overwhelming response, we have not been able to include all people who wrote asking to be added to the list.

Rob Acheson, Chairman, Toronto Chapter, Canadian Department of Peace Initiative

Peter Adams, Intercultural Relations Worker, St Mary’s Church, Luton, England

Rev. William J. Adams, Rector, Trinity Episcopal Church, Sutter Creek, CA

Dr. Rev. Tokunboh Adeyemo, Executive Director, Centre for Biblical Transformation (CBT), Nairobi, Kenya

Justin Anderson, member, First Baptist Church, Washington, D.C.

Fidel Arnecillo, Jr., Lecturer in Philosophy, California State University, San Bernardino, College / Career Pastor, Charisma Life Community Church, Pomona, CA

Rev. Dianne Astle, Pastor, Chemainus/Cedar United Church, BC, Canada

Chris J Baltzley, Director of Multi-Campus Development, Lakeside-Orangevale Campus Pastor, Lakeside Church, Folsom, California USA

Andrew Tower Barnhill, Furman University, Greeneville, SC

Rev. D. Clyde Bartges, Minister, Presbyterian Church USA, Midlothian, VA

Dr. Anthony Bartlett, Assistant Professor of Theology, Bexley Hall Episcopal Seminary, Rochester, New York

Rev. Ann Barton, Pastor, McKenzie United Methodist Church Honey Grove, TX

Marilyn R. Barry, Academic Dean and Professor of English, Alaska Pacific University, Anchorage, AK

Rev. Rosemary D. Baue, Pastor, Union Chapel (UCC), Fishers Island, NY

Bruce Baumgartner, OSB, Spiritual Director

Dr. Jolly Beyioku, Associate Professor, Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, IN

Cheryl Biller, Elder Presbyterian Church USA, Fargo, ND

Dr. William L. Bingham, Associate Prof. Emeritus, NC State University, Raleigh NC, and President of Triangle Interfaith Alliance (NC)

Luke Birky, Goshen, IN

Barbara Blodgett, Director of Supervised Ministries, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, CT

Stephen Blum, Professor of Music, CUNY Graduate Center

Whitney S. Bodman, Assoc. Professor of Comparative Religion, Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Austin, TX

Dr. Dean A. Boldon, Professor Emeritus, Maryville College, Maryville, TN

Prof. Eduard J. Bomhoff, Director, School of Business, University of Nottingham, Malaysia Campus Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Richard Bowser, Sunland Park, NM

Rev. M Christopher Boyer, Pastor, Good Shepherd Baptist Church, Lynnwood, WA

Matt Brandon, Frontier Trek & Tours, Travel Photographer

Mark Lau Branson, Homer Goddard Associate Professor of Ministry of the Laity, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, CA

Timothy Brenneman, Harrisonburg, VA

Linda C. Brinkman, Naples, FL

Margaret Brookover, Mother, Teacher, CODEPINK leader, Bend, OR

Stephen Brown, Chaplain, St. Joseph’s Medical Center, Stockton, CA

Rev. Judy Buck-Glenn, Associate Rector, Christ Church Episcopal, Ridley Park, PA

Rev. Dr. Ned A. Buckner, LMFT, Pastor, New Hope Baptist Church, Gastonia, NC, Marriage & Family Therapist, Piedmont Psychological Associates, Gastonia, NC

Robert & Betty Lou Buckwalter, Prince of Peace Mennonite Church, Anchorage, Alaska

George D. Burazer, coordinator of the Justice and Peace Committee of Queen of the Apostles Catholic Church, Belmont, NC

Dawn Burdick, Nazareth Presbyterian Church, Moore, SC

Julie Burgess, Omaha, NE

Rev. J Daniel Burke, Episcopal priest, retired

John Buttrey, Retired Pastor, United Church of Christ, Holland, Michigan

Rev. Dr. Josephine C. Cameron, Pastor, Riverdale Presbyterian Church, Bronx, NY

Vincent M. Cannistraro, Cannistraro Associates, McLean, VA

Mark Carey, Doctor of Physical Therapy Student, Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, MI

Joseph P. Carson, PE, President, Affiliation of Christian Engineers, Knoxville, TN

Dan R. Cates, Assistant Professor, Kutztown University, Kutztown, PA

Liz Cates

Sister Lynn Caton, CSJ, Sisters of St. Joseph, Brentwood, NY

Rev. James H. Cavanaugh, UCC pastor retired, Uplands Retirement Village, TN

Patricia Anne Cavanaugh, Recognized UCC Lay Pastor, Uplands Retirement Village, TN

Rev. Paul Chaffee, Executive Director, Interfaith Center at the Presidio, San Francisco, CA

Rev. Dr. W. Michael Chittum, Minister

Susan Civil-Brown, author

Scott Claassen, Los Angeles, CA

W. Malcolm Clark, Professor of Religion (emeritus), Butler University, Indianapolis, IN

Michael Clawson, Pastor, Via Christus Community Church, Yorkville IL

Jeffrey C. Clayton, Pastor, Southminster Presbyterian Church, Prairie Village, KS

Adam Walker Cleaveland, M.Div./M.A., Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, NJ

Bruce J. Clemenger, President, The Evangelical Fellowship of Canada, Kenneth L. Clum, Rochester, NY

Tim Cochran, Member, McGregor Baptist Church (Southern Baptist), Fort Myers, FL

David Cooper, Picton Uniting Church, Picton, NSW Australia

Yvonne Cooper, Picton Uniting Church, Picton, NSW Australia

Victor Copan, ThD, Chair, Dept. of Ministry Leadership Studies Palm Beach Atlantic University, West Palm Beach, FL

Rev. Christopher Cottingham, Hospice Chaplain, Member of Emmanuel Baptist Fellowship, Lexington, SC

Charles Courtney, Professor Emeritus, Drew University, Madison, NJ

Dr. James D. Cramer, Secretary, Atlantic City Mission Board, Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey

Mrs. Cheryl Crist, Pentecostal, Peru, Indiana

Jane F. Crosthwaite, Professor, Mount Holyoke College

Alistair Crow, Transform Network, London, UK

Bobbi Crow, Global Outreach Team, Real Life Christian Church Gilbert, Arizona Common Ground Consultation Attendee

John Matthew Cummins, Chatham, NJ

Mark Czyzewski, SFO

Kathleen Danaher de Cardenas, Garner, NC

The Rev Dr. Lillian Daniel, Senior Minister, First Congregational Church, UCC, 535 Forest Ave, Glen Ellyn, Illinois, 60137

Dru Daugherty

Rev. Dr. Julian A. Davies, Pastor, The University Church, Toledo, OH

John T. DeBevoise, Pastor, Palma Ceia Presbyterian Church, Tampa, FL

Dr. Ralph Del Colle, Theology Department, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI

Rev. Colette Volkema DeNooyer, Holland, MI

Robert J. DeNooyer II, Holland, MI

Frannie Derm, Independent Scholar, Waterbury, CT

Paige DeWees, Student, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, MN

Rev. Dr. Winfield J. Devonshire, Jr., Senior Pastor, The Evangelical Lutheran Church of the Holy Trinity, Hershey, PA

Eileen McCafferty DiFranco, East Regional Administrator, WomenPriests

Reverend Johan Dodge, Compass Point Church, Paso Robles, CA

Jane Dugdale, member, Central Baptist Church, Wayne, PA

Rev. Jeffrey S. Dugan, Rector, St. James Episcopal Church, Farmington, CT

Brenda Manthorne Dyck, spiritual director, pastor, Calgary Inter-Mennonite Church, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Omar and Anna Kathryn Eby, Harrisonburg, VA

Jason von Ehrenkrook, Ph.D. Candidate (Near Eastern Studies), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Rusty Eidmann-Hicks, Holmdel Community UCC, Holmdel, NJ

Dr. Matthias Eigenbrodt, Praxis am Viktoriapark, Berlin, Germany

Dr. Stewart L. Elson, Willcox United Methodist Church, Willcox, Arizona

Rev. Daniel J. Fahs, Pastor, Hayward United Methodist Church, Hayward, WI

Audry Falk, Artist

Richard Falk, former Chair Board of Trustees, The Friendship Force

Steven Fenwick Ph.D., Counselor in private practice, Olympia, WA

Sandra L. Fischer, Esq., Cooperative M. Div. student, Hartford Seminary, Hartford, CT

Rev. Dr. David C. Fisher, Senior Minister, Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, NY

Rev. Tim Fitch, Minister of Family Life First Congregational Church of Akron

Rev. Carey D. Fletcher, Red River Baptist Church, Benton, LA

Patrick Foley, Educator

Rev. Dr. F. Peter Ford, Jr., Coordinator of the Program in Christian-Muslim Relations, Mekane Yesus Seminary, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

John R. Franke, Professor of Theology, Biblical Seminary, Hatfield, PA

Barbara Freeman, Church Musician, Haslett Community Church (UCC), Haslett, MI

Matthew Friedman, Th.M. Candidate, Asbury Theological Seminary

Makoto Fujimura, Artist

Clarice Garvey, Our Lady’s Missionaries Fortaleza,Ceará, Brazil

Gary A. Gaudin, Pastor, South Arm United Church, Richmond, British Columbia, Canada

Sr. Christine Gebel, Our Lady’s Missionaries, Toronto, Canada

Cheryl German, Knoxville, TN

Alexander J. G. Gilchrist, Elder, Presbyterian Church USA, Wappingers Falls, NY

Rev. Douglas W. Giles, MDiv, STS, Retired Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (ELCIC), Cold Lake, Alberta, Canada

Michael Glenn, Cashiers, NC

Leon & Elaine Good, Lititz, PA

Ave Regina Gould, CSJ, Sisters of St. Joseph, Brentwood, NY

James Goulding, Professor Emeritus and VP for Academic Affairs, Emeritus, MacMurray College in Jacksonville, IL; currently Instructor in Religious Studies, Edgewood College, Madison, WI

Rev. Benjamin Gray, Youth pastor, Griffin, GA

Dr. Victor Greene, Chaplain, Angel Hospice, Franklin, NC

Jeanette Grenz, Overland Park, KS

Kenneth K. Grenz, Overland Park, KS, retired clergy, Kansas East Conference, United Methodist Church

Carol S. Guilbert, Reverend, First Presbyterian Church of Hilton Head Island

Brian Gumm, Interim Lay Pastor, Ankeny Church of the Brethren, Ankeny, Iowa

Anne-Marie Gustavson-Claverie, sister of bishop Pierre Claverie of Algeria

Ellen Halperin, Member, St. John the Baptist Episcopal Church, Hardwick, VT

Elaine S. Hansen, Fairfield, OH

Hendrik Hart, Senior Member (ret’d), Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, Canada

Peter C. Hart, President, Dialoggers, Inc., Holland, MI

Rev. Dr. William L. Hathaway, Pastor, First Presbyterian Church, Annapolis, MD

Rev William L. Hawkins, Pastor, First Presbyterian Church, New Bern, NC

Rob Hazel, High Wycombe, England

Eike J. Heinze, Hartford, WI

Rev. Amanda Hendler-Voss, Faith Communities Coordinator, Women’s Action for New Directions (WAND)

Rev. Abigail A. Henrich, Co-Pastor, Union Congregational Church, East Walpole, MA

Scott Hinton, First Congregational Church of Glen Ellyn, IL

Sheryll Hix, Behavior Specialist, Stuart , Florida

Rev. Mark E. Hoelter, Unitarian Universalist, Coordinator for Grassroots Interfaith Dialogues, The InterFaith Conference of Metropolitan Washington, Washington, DC

Shirley Eid Holm, Church Librarian, Grace Lutheran Church, River Forest, IL

Rev. Charles Homeyer, Rector of Holy Cross Episcopal Church, Grand Rapids, MI

Jon Hoover, Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies, Near East School of Theology, Beirut

Rev. David M. Horst, Minister, First Parish in Malden, Universalist, Malden, MA

Imogen Hawthorne Howe, West Redding, CT

Lieutenant-Colonel (Retired) Alan Howes, Australian Regular Army, Canberra, Australia

Robert W. Huntington 3rd, MD, Member, Madison Wisconsin Monthly Meeting, Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)

Carol Ingells, Spiritual Director, Episcopal lay leader, Lansing, MI

Carlos Iwaszkowiec, Sales Director, MECS, Inc., St. Louis, MO

Dr. Mary Ellen Jacobs, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT

Linda Jame, MS, ACSW, Psychotherapist, New York, NY

Charles B. Jenkins, Church of the Messiah United Methodist, Westerville, Ohio and member of the Interfaith Association of Central Ohio

Jeromy Johnson, Pastor, Sacramento, CA

Joseph L. Johnson, Pastor, Evergreen Presbyterian Church, Dothan, AL

R. Boaz Johnson, Ph.D., Director, Division of Christian Life and Thought, North Park University, Chicago, IL

Rev. Dr. Gregory Knox Jones, Westminster Presbyterian Church, Wilmington, DE

Margaret Jayne Jones, Co-Contact, United Religions Initiative, San Francisco Peninsula

Susan Jones, Cary, NC

Jolyn Joslin, retired teacher, member of United Church of Christ, Waitsfield, VT

Rev. Daniel Junkuntz, D. Min., (ELCA), LMFT, LPC, Retired Director, Peninsula Pastoral Counseling Center, Newport News, VA

Sister Karen Kaelin, Sisters of St. Joseph, Brentwood, NY

Abdul Kasim, Vice President, Critical-Links, New Jersey

Robert Mace Kass, M.D., Trustee, Bekeley Divinity School at Yale

Mona Kelly, Our Lady´s Missionaries, Forta leza, Ceará, Brazil

Rev. D. Andrew Kille, Interfaith Space, San Jose, CA

Rev. Mike King, President, YouthFront; Pastor, Jacob’s Well Church, Kansas City, MO

Ann King-Grosh, Lancaster, PA

Rev. Kurt Kirchoff, Haslett, MI

Ann Kirkland, Toronto, Canada

Michael Kirtley, President, The Friendship Caravan, Arlington, VA

Dr. Robin J. Klay, Professor of Economics, Hope College, Michigan

Charles Klingler, Professor Emeritus of English, Manchester College, North Manchester, IN

Susie Klingler, Member of Manchester Church of the Brethren, North Manchester, IN

Rev. Alfred C. Krass, VP, The Interfaith Gathering of Lower Buck County, PA, retired United Church of Christ pastor, United Christian Church, Levittown, PA

Mark Kurtz, Director of Business Development, BioOne, Washington, DC

Vincent La Marca, Webmaster, New Utrecht Reformed Church , Assistant Secretary, Friends of Historic New Utrecht, Brooklyn, NY

Perry Landes, Lighting and Sound Designer, Hope College, Holland MI

Andrew E. Larsen, Department of World Mission, The Evangelical Covenant Church of North America, Chicago, IL

Rev. Rebecca Larson, Pastor, Monadnock Congregational Church, UCC, Colebrook, NH

Thiel L. Larson, Educator, Bend La-Pine School District in Bend, OR

Michael Lauchlan, Dearborn, MI

Stephen Lawson, Joplin, MO

Paul Leggett, Pastor, Grace Presbyterian Church, Montclair, NJ

“Let There Be Peace” Prayer and Reflection Group, St. Noel Catholic Church, Willoughby Hills, OH

Norman Lindholm, Ohio

Dr. Scott Little, Lay Leader, First United Methodist Church, Smithville, TN

Jerry Ludeke

Matthew D. Lundberg, Assistant Professor of Theology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI

Dr. Elaine Z. Madison, Associate Professor of Literature, Hawaii Pacific University, Honolulu, HI

Brent D. Maher, Upland, IN

Velandy Manohar, MD, FAPA, Distinguished Life Fellow, Am. Psychiatric Association, Haddam, CT.

Natalia Marandiuc, Ph.D. Student, Theology, Yale University

Dr. Henry B. Marksberry, Minister of Health and Wholeness, St. John’s United Church of Christ, Newport, KY

Rev. Ben C. Martin, Honorably Retired, Presbytery of Giddings-Lovejoy, Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), St. Louis, MO

Caleb J.D. Maskell, PhD student, Department of Religion, Princeton University

Martha B Matuska, “Let There Be Peace” Prayer and Reflection Group, St. Noel Catholic Church, Willoughby Hills, OH

Shaun Mazurek, Denver, Colorado

Sister Regina McAuley CSJ, Brentwood NY

Pastor Sandy McCormack, Soma Christou International, Houston, TX

Deborah McEvoy, Dearborn, MI

Rev. Loren McGrail, Chaplain at Abbott Northwestern Hospital Minneapolis, MN

Dr. James F. McGrath, Assistant Professor of Religion, Butler University, Indianapolis, IN

Maryann McHugh, CSJ, sister of St. Joseph, Brentwood, NY

Mickey J. Mercer, Teacher, Flagstaff High School, Flagstaff, AZ

Nathan Messarra, Ecclesia Clear Lake, Friendswood, TX, USA

Roel Meeuws, M.Sc. Delft University of Technology, Delft, member of the Reformed Church of the Netherlands as present in the Pilgrimfatherschurch, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

Rev. Michael Merkel, Pastor, Bethesda Lutheran Church, New Haven, CT

Elizabeth Moody, Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Catholic Church, Mill Valley, CA., and member, World Religions Building Bridges Program Committee with Marin Interfaith Council, International Assoc. of Sufism, and Dominican University in Marin County, CA

Re. David L. Mosher, Co-Minister, Unity of Loudoun County, Leesburg, VA

Daniel H. Miller, Chaplain, Houston Hospice and Palliative Care System, Houston, TX

Luke Miller, National Coordinating Group Member, Emergent Village, Dallas, TX

Rosa Lynne Miller, Asbury United Methodist Church, Lafayette, LA

The Rev. Dr. W. Douglas Mills, Associate General Secretary for Dialogue and Interfaith Relations, General Commission on Christian Unity and Interreligious Concerns, The United Methodist Church, New York, NY

Timothy D. Moore, Teacher, Milwaukee, WI

Barbara Mueller, teacher emerita, Holy Cross Lutheran Church, Ft. Wayne

John Mueller, Minister of Music, Holy Cross Lutheran Church, Ft. Wayne, IN

John Mulholland, University of Chicago Law Library staff, Chicago IL

Rev. Dr. Stephen Butler Murray, College Chaplain, Director of Religious and Spiritual Life, and Lecturer in Religion, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, New York

Stephanie Nash, Pastor for Education and Outreach, Second Baptist Church, Lubbock TX

Bradley Nassif, Professor of Biblical and Theological Studies, North Park University, Chicago, IL

Norm Nelson, President, Compassion Radio, Lake Forest, CA

Carole Nuckon, Bend, Oregon

Rev. Gus Nussdorfer, Interim, First Presbyterian Church, Bryan, OH

Clarke K. Oler, Associate Pastor, All Saints Episcopal Church, Pasadena, CA

Steven J Ondersma, Assistant Professor, Wayne State University School of Medicine & Deacon, PCUSA

Robert C & Roberta G Ouderkirk, Normandy Park, WA

John D. Painter, Pastor, Centenary United Methodist Church, Metichen, NJ

Dr. Stepehn Pavey, Research Associate, Institute for Community Research, Hartford, CT

Rev. Dr. Protobresbyter Professor George C. Papademetriou

Rev. Jeanne C. Parker, clergywoman, ABC/RGR, Rochester, NY

Rev. Urbane Peachey, retired Pastor, formerly in Middle East, Lititz, PA

Michael Peacock, seminarian, chaplain, attorney; Palma Ceia Presbyterian Church, Tampa, Florida

Jonathan Pedrone, Youth Pastor, New Testament Baptist Church, Miami, FL

Dan Peters, Thousand Oaks, CA

Reverend Clare L. Petersberger, Minister, The Towson Unitarian, Universalist Church Lutherville, MD

Gene Peterson, Board Member, Churches Together, Minneapolis, MN

Prof. Joseph M. Pirone, Ph.D, Sam Draper Honors Program, SUNY and Advisor, Awareness in Motion, Interfaith Club Enneapsychodramatics

Rev. Vincent Pizzuto, Ph.D., University of San Francisco, CA, New Skellig Contemplative Christian Community

Keith Plate, MD, International Student Ministry, Iowa City, IA

Kenneth Polsley Jr., Pastor, All Nations Baptist Church, Iowa City, IA

Eve Pope, Trustee Emeritus, United Religions Initiative

Viola Deavours Powers, Cincinnati, OH

Alfred C. Price, Philadelphia, PA

Stan Purdum, Pastor, Centenary United Methodist Church, Waynesburg, OH

Georgia Quailey, Pittsburgh, PA

Rev. Charles W. Rawlings, Presbytery of Newark Middle East Work Group, NJ

David Redfield, Episcopalian, Grosse Pointe, MI

Dr. Donald H. and Mary M. Reimer, Charlesewood Mennonite Church, Winnipeg, Manitoba

Dr. Andreas Renz, Lecturer, LMU Munich, Germany

David Reynolds, Australia

Robert E. Riddle, First Presbyterian Church, Asheville, N.C.

Jack Ridl, Professor Emeritus of English, Hope College, Holland, MI

Rev. Marchiene Rienstra, Minister, Unity Church on the Lakeshore, Douglas, MI

Dr. Kevin Riggs, Senior Pastor, Franklin Community Church, Franklin, TN and Sociology Professor, State Community College, Nashville, TN

Dr. M. K. Rigsby, Professor of Philosophy and Religion, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales NM

Mark Andrew Ritchie, Author, Commodities Trader

Heath and Courtney Robinson, Temple, TX

Rev. Dr. Errol G Rohr, Chaplain, King College, Bristol, TN

Rev. Betsy Payne Rosen, Deacon, Our Saviour Episcopal Church, Mill Valley, CA

Rosetta E. Ross, Associate Professor of Religion, Spelman College, Atlanta,

Rev. Dr. Greg Roth, Senior Pastor, Centerville Presbyterian Church, Fremont, CA

Chaplain Reggie B. Rowell, Medical University of Charleston, Charleson, SC

Dr. Mark Rutledge, United Church of Christ Campus Minister at Duke University, Durham, NC

Fleming Rutledge, Episcopal Diocese of New York

Phil Saksa, International Student Specialist, Detroit, MI

Tim Samoff, Blogger, Kansas City, MO

Alan P & Maria G Sandner, First Presbyterian Church, Bend, Oregon

Clara Santoro, CSJ

David G. Delos Santos, ICT Specialist, PACTEC International, Kabul, Afghanistan

Edwin G. Saphar, Jr, Elder, Downtown United Presbyterian Church, Rochester, NY

Brother Satyananda, Minister, Self-Realization Fellowship, Los Angeles, CA

Theresa Scanlon, Principal, St. Francis of Assisi School, Brooklyn, NY

Rev. Dr. Jill Schaeffer, United Presbyterian Church of Cincinnatus, NY and Adjunct Professor, New York Theological Seminary, New York, NY

Andrew Schill, Oil and Gas Attorney, Durango, Colorado

Rev. Mark Schindler, Unity of Auburn, Auburn, CA

Perry Schmidt-Leukel, Professor of Systematic Theology and Religious Studies, University of Glasgow, Chair of World Religions for Peace

Carolyn Schneider, Associate Professor of Theology, Texas Lutheran University, Seguin, TX

Edward H. Schreur, Senior Pastor, Protestant Church in Oman, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman

Glen G. Scorgie, Ph.D., Bethel Seminary, San Diego

Jonathan H. Scruggs, Associate Pastor, First Assembly of God, Gastonia, NC

Pastor Timothy Seitz-Brown, Paradise Lutheran Church (ELCA), Thomasville, PA

Robert P. Sellers, Connally Professor of Missions, Logsdon School of Theology, Hardin-Simmons University, Abilene, TX

Samir Selmanovic, Program Director, Faith House Manhattan, New York, NY

Emily Shaffer, US Department of State, Kigali, Rwanda

Donna Shank, LCSW, Lancaster, PA

Joey Shaw, Masters candidate at Center for Middle East Studies and LBJ School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin

N. Gerald Shenk, Professor of Church & Society Eastern Mennonite Seminary, Harrisonburg, VA

Rev. Dr. Stephen J. Sidorak, Jr., Executive Director, Christian Conference of Connecticut

Frederick A. Smith, MD, Consultant in Palliative Medicine, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, Assistant Professor of Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, Communicant, Christ Episcopal Church, Garden City,

Paul. V. Sorrentino, Director of Religious Life, Amherst College, Amherst, MA

Rebecca L. Syme, MATL student – Bethel Seminary, St. Paul, MN, USA

Rev. Andrea Zaki Stephanous, Ph. D., Vice President of the Protestant Church in Egypt, Director of Dar El Thaqafa Communications House-CEOSS

Rev. John Paul Sydnor, Assistant Professor of World Religions, Emmanuel College (Boston) and Co-Pastor, Union Congregational Church, East Walpole, MA

Jim Somerville, Pastor, The First Baptist Church of the City of Washington, DC

Dr. Barbara Spitzer, Clinical Psycholoogist, Stamford, CT

Rev. Susan F. Sprowls, Campus Pastor, Lord of Light Lutheran Campus Ministry (ELCA), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Rev. Lauren R. Stanley, Episcopal Missionary in Sudan

Rev. Harvey Stob, Pastor of Congregational Life, Ann Arbor Christian Reformed Church, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Arthur J. Stock, member Wellesley Village Church, and former Chair Board of Directors, Massachusetts Conference, United Church of Christ

John K. Stoner, Consultant, Every Church A Peace Church, Akron, PA

Rev. Jim Strader, Episcopal Chaplain/Priest, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

James A. Strnal, Secular Franciscan Order

Dan Sullivan, Saint Augustine’s Episcopal Church,Wilmette IL

Helen Katharine Swearingen

Christine Talbott, Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, Castine, ME

Dennis Teall-Fleming, Director of Faith Formation, Queen of the Apostles Catholic Church, Belmont, NC and Facilitator, Gaston Trialogue (Jews, Christians, and Muslims), Gaston County, NC and Instructor in Religion, Gaston College, Dallas, NC

Rev. Dr. Mari Thorkelson, Pastor Bethel Lutheran Church, Willmar MN

Rev. Dr. James A Todd, Honorably Retired, Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), Member of the Presbytery of Southern New England

John L. Tipton, CEO, Telephone Jack’s Communications, Adrian, MI

Judy and Woody Trautman, Founding Co-Chairs of the MultiFaith Council of Northwest Ohio, Toledo, Ohio

Barbara H. Trought, Elder, Presbyterian Church (USA), Burlington, NJ

Monte D. Tucker

Rev. Philip H. Troutman, M.Div., Ordained Elder, Church of the Nazarene, Doctoral Student, Asbury Theological Seminary, Wilmore, KY

James and Susan Vagnier, Columbus, OH

Rev. Dr. Timo Vasko, The Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, Espoo

Sister Nancy Vendura, CSJ, Sisters of Saint Joseph, Brentwood, NY

Dr. David H. Vila, Associate Professor of Religion and Philosophy, John Brown University, Siloam Springs, AR

Marlene M. von Friederichs-Fitzwater, Assistant Adjunct Professor, Division of Hematology/Oncology, UC Davis School of Medicine and Director of Outreach Research and Education, UC Davis Cancer Center

Case Wagenvoord, Chair, Adult Education Committee, Holmdel Community UCC, Holmdel, NJ

Rev. Dr. Francis K. Wagschal, Retired Lutheran Pastor, Waynesville, NC

Barbara Wall, Certified speech and language pathologist Bandhagen, Sweden

Sammy Wanyonyi, World Evangelist, Sammy Wanyonyi International Ministries (SWIM), Minneapolis, MN

Michael J. Watts, Instructor in Religion, Johnston Community College, Smithfield, NC

Derek Ivan Webster, Beth Emunah Messianic Synagogue, Agoura Hills, CA

Rev. Gordon V. Webster, Co-Pastor, Downtown United Presbyterian Church, Rochester, NY

Rev. Dr. Dave Weidlich, Pastor, First Presbyterian Church of Petaluma, Petaluma, CA

Susan Weissert, Ossining, NY

Rev. Terry Weller, Interfaith Minister and Editor, Interfaith Unity Newsletter, Toronto, ON, Canada

Charlie West, Pastor, Grace/Skandia United Methodist Churches, Marquette, MI

Roger G. Whetsel, Engineering Consultant, Winchester, TN

Jerald Whitehouse, Director, Global Center for Adventist Muslim Relations,
General Conference of Seventh-Day Adventists, Loma Linda, CA

Rev. Dr. Gary A. Wilburn, Senior Pastor, First Presbyterian Church, New Canaan, CT

Prof. Stefan Wild, University of Bonn, Germany

Bett and Talbert Williams, St Anne’s Episcopal Church, Atlanta, GA

Boyd H. Wilson, Ph.D., Professor of Religion, Hope College, Holland, MI

Don Wilson, Temple of Understanding Advisory Board

Rev. Dr. Emmanuel M. Wilson, Spiritual Care Coordinator, Heartland Home Health Care & Hospice, Jacksonville, FL

Dr. Norman G. Wilson, Coordinator of Intercultural Studies Department, Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, Indiana

Hester F. Witchey, AMI Montessori Teacher

Pecki Sherman Witonsky, Author, The Cave of Reconciliation, An Abrahamic/Ibrahimic Tale

Wayne R. Wohler, Pasadena, CA

Rev. Dean A. Woodward (retired), Park Hill United Methodist Church, Denver, CO

Rev. Daniel Wolpert, Pastor, First Presbyterian Church, Crookston, MN

Carol M. Woods

Harry Woods, Edmond, OK

Anna Woodiwiss, Kabul, Afghanistan

Prof. Ashley Woodiwiss, Director of the Drummond Center for Statesmanship, Erskine College, SC

Robyn Yates, Children’s Pastor, Fellowship Bible Church Arapaho, Dallas, TX

Byard & Judy Yoder, Landisville Mennonite Church, Pennsylvania

Liz Yoho, Director of Children & Youth Ministries, Congregational Church of New Fairfield (UCC), CT

Larry E. Yonker, Business Owner, The Elevation Group, Colorado Springs, CO

Rick Zachar, Phoenix, AZ

Daniel Zelesko, MA, Instructor of Philosophy and Comparative of Religion, Harrisburg Area Community College

Rev. Curtis L. Zieske, Pastor, Trinity Lutheran Church (ELCA), Albert Lea, MN

John & Velma Zook, Lititz Mennonite Church, Lititz, PA

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  1. Thank you for any other excellent post. The place else could anybody get that type of information in such a perfect approach of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I’m at the look for such info.

    • Thank you for your kind remark.

      Shalom Shalom

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    • Thank you for your kind comment. I have learned through past years that it is best not to argue with other bloggers. Truth is a hard thing to swallow, and most people can’t handle Truth. Be encouraged and know that one person receiving Truth can be used to influence many others

      Shalom in Messiah

  3. What deception is this!

    “Jesus speaking to the unbelievers: “You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies.” John 8:44″

    The above is referring to worship of YAH, the false god, aka Ba’al by Jews!!! (Exposed in Strong’s Hebrew Concordance FYI.)

    And to refer to ‘neighbor’ as if it refers to everyone that lives near you (versus its usage by Jews, referring ONLY to fellow Jews) – talk about deception and trickery.

    The great lie of a common word indeed. When people find out that ‘neighbor’ to a Jew means a fellow Jew ONLY, they realize that it is a wholly exclusionary commandment not referring to non-Jews at all.

    Trickery at its finest. Just more of the same…AGAIN.

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